Elizabethan / Shakespearean Sonnets

14 Lines:

     3 Quatrains (verses with 4 lines each)

     2 line coda (closing lines)

 

Rhyme Scheme:

    ABAB CDCD EFEF GG

    The last word/sound in each verse

    rhymes in this pattern (A with A,

    B with B, and so on.)

 

   For example:

   Cat

   Box

   Fat 

   Fox

   Happy

   Sad

   Snappy 

   Bad

   Book

   Rose

   Look

   Nose

   Love

   Dove

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Meter: Iambic Pentameter

 

Iambic foot: Unstressed syllable followed by STRESSED syllable, like, "da-DUM"

 

Pentameter: Line with five feet, like,

da-Dum da-Dum da-Dum da-Dum da-DUM

Oh, Skippy is the name of my grey cat

He loves to climb inside a cardboard box

If he keeps eating mice he will get fat

He's playful and as clever as a fox

Volta:

The final couplet (two line coda) summarizes the theme of the poem or introduces a new way to look at the theme (could be a clever twist!)

XXIX.

When in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes
I all alone beweep my outcast state,
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
And look upon myself, and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
Featured like him, like him with friends possessed,
Desiring this man's art, and that man's scope,
With what I most enjoy contented least;
Yet in these thoughts my self almost despising,
Haply I think on thee, and then my state,
Like to the lark at break of day arising
From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate;
For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings
That then I scorn to change my state with kings.

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